## A 5cm tall object is placed perpendicular to the principle axis of convex lens of focal length 20 cm . The distance of the object from the l

Question

A 5cm tall object is placed perpendicular to the principle axis of convex lens of focal length 20 cm . The distance of the object from the lens is 30 cm. Calculate the distance of image from the lens

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1 month 2021-08-18T03:24:34+00:00 1 Answer 0 views 0

According to the question:

Object distance, u=−12 cm

Focal length, f=18 cm (since, convex lens)

Let the Image distance be v.

By lens formula:

v

1

u

1

=

f

1

[4pt]

v

1

−12 cm

1

=

18 cm

1

[4pt]

v

1

=

−12 cm

1

+

18 cm

1

[4pt]

v

1

=

36 cm

−3+2

[4pt]

v

1

=−

36 cm

1

[4pt]

∴v=−36 cm

Thus, image is obtained at 36 cm on the same side of the mirror as the object.

Now,

Height of object, h

1

=5 cm

Magnification, m=

h

1

h

2

=

u

v

Putting values of v and u:

Magnification m=

5 cm

h

2

=

−12 cm

−36 cm

5 cm

h

2

=3

[4pt];

⇒h

2

=3×5 cm=15 cm

Thus, the height of the image is 15 cm and the positive sign means the image is virtual and erect.

Thus virtual, erect and enlarged image is formed.

Step-by-step explanation:

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