Rational numbers can be formally defined as equivalence classes of pairs of integers (p, q) such that q ≠ 0, for the equivalence relation defined by (p1, q1) ~ (p2, q2) if, and only if p1q2 = p2q1. With this formal definition, the fraction p/q becomes the standard notation for the equivalence class of (p, q).

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Answer:Rational numbers can be formally defined as equivalence classes of pairs of integers (p, q) such that q ≠ 0, for the equivalence relation defined by (p1, q1) ~ (p2, q2) if, and only if p1q2 = p2q1. With this formal definition, the fraction p/q becomes the standard notation for the equivalence class of (p, q).

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