the International Paralympic Committee has established =… disability categories​


the International Paralympic Committee has established …………… disability categories​

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Alaia 3 weeks 2021-08-23T06:29:26+00:00 2 Answers 0 views 0

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    the International Paralympic Committee has established …………… disability categories

    Answer :


    The World Para Athletics classification system serves two key purposes:

    1. Determining eligibility

    The system defines who is eligible to compete in World Para Athletics competitions.

    2. Sport Class Allocation

    The system describes methods for dividing eligible athletes up into sport classes. The aim is that each class should consist of athletes who have impairments that cause approximately the same amount of activity limitation in the key athletic disciplines – running, wheelchair

    racing, jumps and throws.


    To be eligible for Para athletics, a person must have an eligible impairment type and the impairment must be judged to be severe enough to have an impact on the sport of athletics.

    Minimum Disability Criteria (MDC) are described in the World Para Athletics Classification Rules and Regulations.

    There are 10 eligible impairment types: eight physical impairments as well as vision impairment and intellectual impairment.

    Impaired muscle power

    The muscles in the limbs or trunk are completely or partially paralysed as a consequence of conditions such as spinal cord injury, polio or spina bifida.

    Impaired passive range of movement

    Range of movement in one or more joints is permanently reduced due to trauma, illness or congenital deficiency (e.g. conditions such as arthrogryposis or joint contracture resulting from trauma).

    Limb deficiency

    A total or partial absence of bones or joints, from birth, as a consequence of trauma (e.g. traumatic amputation) or illness (e.g. amputation due to cancer).


    Lack of muscle co-ordination due to problems with the parts of the central nervous system that control movement and balance, typical of conditions such as traumatic brain injury and cerebral palsy.


    Repetitive and more or less continual involuntary movements caused by fluctuating muscle tone arising from problems in the central nervous system, typical of conditions such as cerebral palsy.


    Abnormal increase in muscle tension with reduced ability of muscles to stretch, and joint stiffness, slowness of movement and poor postural adaptation and balance, due to problems in the central nervous system, typical of conditions such as cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury and stroke.

    Short stature

    Standing height and limb length are reduced due to conditions such as achondroplasia and osteogenesis imperfecta

    Leg length difference

    Minimum of 7cm leg length difference due to trauma, illness or congenital conditions.

    Vision impairment

    Vision is impacted by either an impairment of the eye structure, optical nerve / pathways or the part of the brain controlling vision (visual cortex).

    Intellectual impairment

    Limited intellectual functions and adaptive behaviour which must be diagnosed before the age of 18.

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    In general, athletes participated in winter Paralympic sports are divided into 5 classes of disability: spinal cord-related disability; cerebral palsy; amputation or limb deficiency; visual impairment, and les autres (“the others” in French) [5,17,19].

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